Ne mice at 1 dpi. We found that the adoptive transfering of

Ne mice at 1 dpi. We found that the adoptive transfering of CD4+CD25+ T cells from pregnant mice injected with T. gondii ESA at G5 failed to prevent the abortion. Interestingly, more than 50 abortion could be prevented by adoptive transfering of CD4+CD25+ T cells from pregnant mice injected with T. gondii ESA at G15 and normal pregnant mice (NP) (Figure 4A and 4C). Taking together, these data supported that the MedChemExpress A196 diminished capacity of CD4+CD25+Tregs caused by T. gondii ESA at early pregnancy directly led to the abortion of mice.T. gondii ESA Induced Tregs DysfunctionFigure 4. Reduced abortion rates in mice with T. gondii ESA CAL120 injection at G5 by adoptively transfering of Tregs isolated from mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G15. (A) Representative pictures of uteri from the pregnant mice injected with T. gondii ESA at G5, which were transferred intravenously with 26105 freshly isolated CD4+CD25+T cells from the mice mentioned above at the first day post injection. The control mice were injected intravenously with 0.2 ml of sterile PBS at the same time. (B) The percentage of CD4+CD25+ Tregs was reduced at the first day post injection. * p,0.05 the comparison between 0 day and 1 day after post-injection with T. gondii ESA. (C)The abortion rates calculated as the ratio of abortion sites to the total number of implantation sites after the injection of T. gondii ESA. Data represent means 6 SD from groups of four mice assayed individually. Statistical differences between groups are shown as follows: *** p,0.001. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069012.gT. gondii ESA Induces Apoptosis of Splenic CD4+CD25+ T CellsTo investigate whether apoptosis contributes to the reduction of CD4+CD25+ Tregs during T. gondii ESA injection at different stages of pregnancy, we performed flow cytometric analysis on splenocytes. As shown in Figure 5A, T. gondii ESA injection both at G5 ip and G10 ip, but not at G15 ip, could significantly induce apoptosis of CD4+CD25+ Tregs compared with the control. In line with the apoptosis, both mRNA and protein levels of activated Caspase-3 in CD4+CD25+ Tregs from mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G5 ip and G10 ip, but not at G15 ip, were increased significantly (Figure 5B and 5C). Also, the expression of Bcl-2 was decreased at G5 ip and G10 ip, but not at G15 ip (Figure 5D). However, the levels of Bax presented no obvious changes among the groups (Figure 5E). Therefore, T. gondii ESA injection at G5 ip and G10 ip led to decrease of Bcl-2/Bax ratio in splenic CD4+CD25+ T cells (Figure 5F).maternal-fetal tissues, the expressions of activated Caspase-3, Bcl2, and Bax in placentas of variously treated animals were detected. The results showed that the cleaved Caspase-3 expressions were increased significantly in mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G10 ip, but not in mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G15 ip, when compared with the control groups, respectively (Figure 6A). Furthermore, the Bcl-2 expressions were decreased in the mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G10 ip, but not in mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G15 ip, when compared with the control groups, respectively (Figure 6B). However, as for 23977191 the expressions of Bax, there was no statistically significant difference among the pregnant mice injected with T. gondii ESA or PBS at G10 ip and G15 ip (Figure 6C). Thus, the Bcl-2/Bax ratio was reduced in mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G10 ip compared with that in mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G15 ip (Figure 6D.Ne mice at 1 dpi. We found that the adoptive transfering of CD4+CD25+ T cells from pregnant mice injected with T. gondii ESA at G5 failed to prevent the abortion. Interestingly, more than 50 abortion could be prevented by adoptive transfering of CD4+CD25+ T cells from pregnant mice injected with T. gondii ESA at G15 and normal pregnant mice (NP) (Figure 4A and 4C). Taking together, these data supported that the diminished capacity of CD4+CD25+Tregs caused by T. gondii ESA at early pregnancy directly led to the abortion of mice.T. gondii ESA Induced Tregs DysfunctionFigure 4. Reduced abortion rates in mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G5 by adoptively transfering of Tregs isolated from mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G15. (A) Representative pictures of uteri from the pregnant mice injected with T. gondii ESA at G5, which were transferred intravenously with 26105 freshly isolated CD4+CD25+T cells from the mice mentioned above at the first day post injection. The control mice were injected intravenously with 0.2 ml of sterile PBS at the same time. (B) The percentage of CD4+CD25+ Tregs was reduced at the first day post injection. * p,0.05 the comparison between 0 day and 1 day after post-injection with T. gondii ESA. (C)The abortion rates calculated as the ratio of abortion sites to the total number of implantation sites after the injection of T. gondii ESA. Data represent means 6 SD from groups of four mice assayed individually. Statistical differences between groups are shown as follows: *** p,0.001. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069012.gT. gondii ESA Induces Apoptosis of Splenic CD4+CD25+ T CellsTo investigate whether apoptosis contributes to the reduction of CD4+CD25+ Tregs during T. gondii ESA injection at different stages of pregnancy, we performed flow cytometric analysis on splenocytes. As shown in Figure 5A, T. gondii ESA injection both at G5 ip and G10 ip, but not at G15 ip, could significantly induce apoptosis of CD4+CD25+ Tregs compared with the control. In line with the apoptosis, both mRNA and protein levels of activated Caspase-3 in CD4+CD25+ Tregs from mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G5 ip and G10 ip, but not at G15 ip, were increased significantly (Figure 5B and 5C). Also, the expression of Bcl-2 was decreased at G5 ip and G10 ip, but not at G15 ip (Figure 5D). However, the levels of Bax presented no obvious changes among the groups (Figure 5E). Therefore, T. gondii ESA injection at G5 ip and G10 ip led to decrease of Bcl-2/Bax ratio in splenic CD4+CD25+ T cells (Figure 5F).maternal-fetal tissues, the expressions of activated Caspase-3, Bcl2, and Bax in placentas of variously treated animals were detected. The results showed that the cleaved Caspase-3 expressions were increased significantly in mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G10 ip, but not in mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G15 ip, when compared with the control groups, respectively (Figure 6A). Furthermore, the Bcl-2 expressions were decreased in the mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G10 ip, but not in mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G15 ip, when compared with the control groups, respectively (Figure 6B). However, as for 23977191 the expressions of Bax, there was no statistically significant difference among the pregnant mice injected with T. gondii ESA or PBS at G10 ip and G15 ip (Figure 6C). Thus, the Bcl-2/Bax ratio was reduced in mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G10 ip compared with that in mice with T. gondii ESA injection at G15 ip (Figure 6D.

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