Adings obtained, from the standard reference graph. The log dose readings

Adings obtained, from the standard reference graph. The log dose readings will then be anti-logged (Db). The formula of calculating the percentage potency was as follows: Db |100 Estimated Concentration The results obtained were analysed for statistical significance using two-tailed t-test, with the assumption that the population has equal SDs. The results are considered significant if the p-value is less than 0.05.Results Antibiotic Potency Assays1. Antibiotic potencies after 6-hours incubation at 46C and 376C. Title Loaded From File Acceptance criteria for unreduced antibiotic activitywas stipulated to be no less than 80 and shall not exceed 125 . Potency results from incubation of vancomycin at 4uC and 37uC for 6 hours were within the acceptable criteria. The difference in potency after incubation in the two temperatures is not considered to be statistically significant (p-value = 0.32). Hence, we concluded that the potency of vancomycin remained unaffected and its bactericidal activity remained effective after 6-hours incubation at both 4uC and 37uC. However, the results for amikacin illustrated that while the activity of amikacin remained unaffected at 4uC after 6 hours of incubation, its potency plummeted by 44.9 at 37uC, as compared to the control. This indicated a significant reduction in bactericidal activity at higher temperature (p-value = 0.015) (Table 2). Based on this first set of results, it was determined that incubating both antibiotics at 4uC retained their original potencies. Hence, this temperature was used in the second set of tests. 2. Antibiotic potencies after incubation in 46C for 24 hours. The potency and bactericidal activity of vancomycin were comparable after incubation at 4uC for 6 hours and 24 hours (p-value = 0.78). In contrast, incubating amikacin at 4uC for 24 hours had caused a reduction (31.9 ) in potency as compared to the control. This signified a decrease in activity of amikacin as incubation duration increases (p-value = 0.03). However, the extent of degeneration in potency is less than the incubation of amikacin at 37uC for 6 hours (Table 2).Review of Microbiological ResultsIn 2008 and 2009, 36 cardiovascular Title Loaded From File homografts were decontaminated with penicillin and streptomycin. Among them, 5 homografts (13.9 ) had bacteria isolated post-recovery before 1317923 antibiotic incubation, but was negative in post-antibiotic incubation culture. A homograft which was tested MRSA positive in the post-recovery tissue was discarded (Table 3). The results from the antibiotic susceptibility tests of significant pathogenic bacterial isolates revealed that all micro-organisms except for Micrococcus species were resistant to penicillin. However, all micro-organisms tested remained susceptible to amoxillinclavulanic acid and piperacillin-tazobactam, which are penicillins combined with beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitors. Susceptibility testing was conducted using newer aminoglycosides gentamicin and amikacin, while streptomycin was not tested. It was discovered 1379592 that a strain of Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, a common micro-organism isolated in our tissue and solution samples, was resistant to gentamicin, which is an antibiotic used in some tissue banks to decontaminate tissues. Amikacin susceptibility was only tested for Acinetobacter species and both strains were sensitive to it. All the 3 micro-organisms tested for vancomycin susceptibility were sensitive to it (Table 4). From January 2010 to May 2012, 35 homografts were decontaminated.Adings obtained, from the standard reference graph. The log dose readings will then be anti-logged (Db). The formula of calculating the percentage potency was as follows: Db |100 Estimated Concentration The results obtained were analysed for statistical significance using two-tailed t-test, with the assumption that the population has equal SDs. The results are considered significant if the p-value is less than 0.05.Results Antibiotic Potency Assays1. Antibiotic potencies after 6-hours incubation at 46C and 376C. Acceptance criteria for unreduced antibiotic activitywas stipulated to be no less than 80 and shall not exceed 125 . Potency results from incubation of vancomycin at 4uC and 37uC for 6 hours were within the acceptable criteria. The difference in potency after incubation in the two temperatures is not considered to be statistically significant (p-value = 0.32). Hence, we concluded that the potency of vancomycin remained unaffected and its bactericidal activity remained effective after 6-hours incubation at both 4uC and 37uC. However, the results for amikacin illustrated that while the activity of amikacin remained unaffected at 4uC after 6 hours of incubation, its potency plummeted by 44.9 at 37uC, as compared to the control. This indicated a significant reduction in bactericidal activity at higher temperature (p-value = 0.015) (Table 2). Based on this first set of results, it was determined that incubating both antibiotics at 4uC retained their original potencies. Hence, this temperature was used in the second set of tests. 2. Antibiotic potencies after incubation in 46C for 24 hours. The potency and bactericidal activity of vancomycin were comparable after incubation at 4uC for 6 hours and 24 hours (p-value = 0.78). In contrast, incubating amikacin at 4uC for 24 hours had caused a reduction (31.9 ) in potency as compared to the control. This signified a decrease in activity of amikacin as incubation duration increases (p-value = 0.03). However, the extent of degeneration in potency is less than the incubation of amikacin at 37uC for 6 hours (Table 2).Review of Microbiological ResultsIn 2008 and 2009, 36 cardiovascular homografts were decontaminated with penicillin and streptomycin. Among them, 5 homografts (13.9 ) had bacteria isolated post-recovery before 1317923 antibiotic incubation, but was negative in post-antibiotic incubation culture. A homograft which was tested MRSA positive in the post-recovery tissue was discarded (Table 3). The results from the antibiotic susceptibility tests of significant pathogenic bacterial isolates revealed that all micro-organisms except for Micrococcus species were resistant to penicillin. However, all micro-organisms tested remained susceptible to amoxillinclavulanic acid and piperacillin-tazobactam, which are penicillins combined with beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitors. Susceptibility testing was conducted using newer aminoglycosides gentamicin and amikacin, while streptomycin was not tested. It was discovered 1379592 that a strain of Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, a common micro-organism isolated in our tissue and solution samples, was resistant to gentamicin, which is an antibiotic used in some tissue banks to decontaminate tissues. Amikacin susceptibility was only tested for Acinetobacter species and both strains were sensitive to it. All the 3 micro-organisms tested for vancomycin susceptibility were sensitive to it (Table 4). From January 2010 to May 2012, 35 homografts were decontaminated.

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