O: Syncytial fusion and expression of syncytium-specific proteins. Reproduction 140(5):759?66.E2606 | www.

O: Syncytial fusion and expression of syncytium-specific proteins. Reproduction 140(5):759?66.E2606 | www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.Yabe et al.Yabe et al.PNAS | Published online April 5, 2016 | EDEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY12. Kliman HJ, Nestler JE, Sermasi E, Sanger JM, Strauss JF, 3rd (1986) Purification, characterization, and in vitro differentiation of cytotrophoblasts from human term placentae. Endocrinology 118(4):1567?582. 13. Schulz LC, et al. (2008) Human embryonic stem cells as models for trophoblast differentiation. Placenta 29 Suppl A:S10 16. 14. Amita M, et al. (2013) Complete and unidirectional conversion of human embryonic stem cells to trophoblast by BMP4. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110(13):E1212 1221. 15. Sudheer S, Bhushan R, Fauler B, Lehrach H, Adjaye J (2012) FGF buy PD-148515 inhibition directs BMP4-mediated differentiation of human embryonic stem cells to syncytiotrophoblast. Stem Cells Dev 21(16):2987?000. 16. Ezashi T, Telugu BP, Roberts RM (2012) Model systems for studying trophoblast differentiation from human pluripotent stem cells. Cell Tissue Res 349(3):809?24. 17. Yang Y, et al. (2015) Heightened potency of human pluripotent stem cell lines created by transient BMP4 exposure. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 112(18):E2337 2346. 18. Xie W, et al. (2013) Epigenomic analysis of multilineage differentiation of human embryonic stem cells. Cell 153(5):1134?148. 19. Marchand M, et al. (2011) Transcriptomic signature of trophoblast differentiation in a human embryonic stem cell model. Biol Reprod 84(6):1258?271. 20. Ezashi T, Das P, Roberts RM (2005) Low O2 tensions and the prevention of differentiation of hES cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102(13):4783?788. 21. Bai Q, et al. (2012) Dissecting the first transcriptional divergence during human embryonic development. Stem Cell Rev 8(1):150?62. 22. Hu D, et al. (2013) The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor Hand1 regulates mouse development as a homodimer. Dev Biol 382(2):470?81. 23. Kn ler M, et al. (2002) Human Hand1 basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) protein: Extraembryonic expression pattern, interaction partners and identification of its transcriptional repressor domains. Biochem J 361(Pt 3):641?51. 24. Iacob D, et al. (2008) Decorin-mediated inhibition of proliferation and migration of the human trophoblast via different tyrosine kinase receptors. Endocrinology 149(12): 6187?197. 25. Paznekas WA, Okajima K, Schertzer M, Wood S, Jabs EW (1999) Genomic organization, expression, and chromosome location of the human SNAIL gene (SNAI1) and a related processed pseudogene (SNAI1P). Genomics 62(1):42?9. 26. Renaud SJ, et al. (2015) OVO-like 1 regulates progenitor cell fate in human trophoblast development. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 112(45):E6175 6184. 27. Lokossou AG, Toudic C, Barbeau B (2014) Implication of human endogenous retrovirus envelope proteins in placental functions. Viruses 6(11):4609?627. 28. S ensen S, Momsen G, Ruge S, Pedersen JF (1995) Differential increase in the maternal serum concentrations of the placental proteins human chorionic gonadotrophin, pregnancy-specific beta 1-glycoprotein, human placental lactogen and pregnancyassociated GW0742 site plasma protein-A during the first half of normal pregnancy, elucidated by means of a mathematical model. Hum Reprod 10(2):453?58. 29. Huppertz B, Meiri H, Gizurarson S, Osol G, Sammar M (2013) Placental protein 13 (PP13): A new biological target shifting individualized risk assessment to personalized drug design combating pre-eclampsia. Hum Reprod Upd.O: Syncytial fusion and expression of syncytium-specific proteins. Reproduction 140(5):759?66.E2606 | www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.Yabe et al.Yabe et al.PNAS | Published online April 5, 2016 | EDEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY12. Kliman HJ, Nestler JE, Sermasi E, Sanger JM, Strauss JF, 3rd (1986) Purification, characterization, and in vitro differentiation of cytotrophoblasts from human term placentae. Endocrinology 118(4):1567?582. 13. Schulz LC, et al. (2008) Human embryonic stem cells as models for trophoblast differentiation. Placenta 29 Suppl A:S10 16. 14. Amita M, et al. (2013) Complete and unidirectional conversion of human embryonic stem cells to trophoblast by BMP4. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110(13):E1212 1221. 15. Sudheer S, Bhushan R, Fauler B, Lehrach H, Adjaye J (2012) FGF inhibition directs BMP4-mediated differentiation of human embryonic stem cells to syncytiotrophoblast. Stem Cells Dev 21(16):2987?000. 16. Ezashi T, Telugu BP, Roberts RM (2012) Model systems for studying trophoblast differentiation from human pluripotent stem cells. Cell Tissue Res 349(3):809?24. 17. Yang Y, et al. (2015) Heightened potency of human pluripotent stem cell lines created by transient BMP4 exposure. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 112(18):E2337 2346. 18. Xie W, et al. (2013) Epigenomic analysis of multilineage differentiation of human embryonic stem cells. Cell 153(5):1134?148. 19. Marchand M, et al. (2011) Transcriptomic signature of trophoblast differentiation in a human embryonic stem cell model. Biol Reprod 84(6):1258?271. 20. Ezashi T, Das P, Roberts RM (2005) Low O2 tensions and the prevention of differentiation of hES cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102(13):4783?788. 21. Bai Q, et al. (2012) Dissecting the first transcriptional divergence during human embryonic development. Stem Cell Rev 8(1):150?62. 22. Hu D, et al. (2013) The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor Hand1 regulates mouse development as a homodimer. Dev Biol 382(2):470?81. 23. Kn ler M, et al. (2002) Human Hand1 basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) protein: Extraembryonic expression pattern, interaction partners and identification of its transcriptional repressor domains. Biochem J 361(Pt 3):641?51. 24. Iacob D, et al. (2008) Decorin-mediated inhibition of proliferation and migration of the human trophoblast via different tyrosine kinase receptors. Endocrinology 149(12): 6187?197. 25. Paznekas WA, Okajima K, Schertzer M, Wood S, Jabs EW (1999) Genomic organization, expression, and chromosome location of the human SNAIL gene (SNAI1) and a related processed pseudogene (SNAI1P). Genomics 62(1):42?9. 26. Renaud SJ, et al. (2015) OVO-like 1 regulates progenitor cell fate in human trophoblast development. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 112(45):E6175 6184. 27. Lokossou AG, Toudic C, Barbeau B (2014) Implication of human endogenous retrovirus envelope proteins in placental functions. Viruses 6(11):4609?627. 28. S ensen S, Momsen G, Ruge S, Pedersen JF (1995) Differential increase in the maternal serum concentrations of the placental proteins human chorionic gonadotrophin, pregnancy-specific beta 1-glycoprotein, human placental lactogen and pregnancyassociated plasma protein-A during the first half of normal pregnancy, elucidated by means of a mathematical model. Hum Reprod 10(2):453?58. 29. Huppertz B, Meiri H, Gizurarson S, Osol G, Sammar M (2013) Placental protein 13 (PP13): A new biological target shifting individualized risk assessment to personalized drug design combating pre-eclampsia. Hum Reprod Upd.

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