Iotech). Densitometric analysis was performed using an image scanner and analyzing

Iotech). Densitometric analysis was performed using an image scanner and analyzing software (NIH image ver. 1.61). The activity of each kinase was evaluated by calculating the ratio of the amount of the phosphorylated form to that of the total form.Determination of the Content of 30Kc6 Protein in Pupa PowderSilkworm pupas were infected with Bacmid or the recombinant virus Bacmid-30Kc6. When silkworm pupas demonstrated obvious symptoms related to the virus infection in five days, they were freeze-dried and pupa powders were produced. The silkworm freeze-dried pupa powder that was infected with Bacmid-30Kc6 (1 g) and Bacmid (1 g) was diluted 100 times in PBS. A solution Microcystin-LR cost containing 5 mg/mL of previously purified 30Kc6 protein expressed in BmN cells was prepared, and a serial dilution of 30Kc6 was generated. The standard proteins were coated onto the 96-wells with the vehicle as controls. The coated wells were incubated with proteins for two hours at 37uC, followed by further incubation for more than 18 h at 4uC. The treated wells were washed with 0.02 mol/L PBS containing 1 Tween 20 (pH 7.4) and blocked with PBS containing 1 BSA for 2 h at 37uC. After washing once with PBS, the wells were incubated with the primary antibody (home-made polyclonal antibodies, 100 mL). The wells were washed three times with PBS and incubated with the horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled goat-anti-rabbit secondary antibody (100 mL) for 1h. After washing three times, the wells were incubated with freshly prepared substrate solution (100 mL) for 10?5 min at 37uC and the reactions were stopped. The absorbance of each well was measured at a wavelength of 492 nm by an ELISA reader. The standard curve was obtained according to the standard substance, and the targeted protein content of silkworm pupa powder was calculated.Evaluation of Apoptosis and 8-isoprostane Level in HUVEC CellsThe HUVEC cells in the logarithmic growth phase were used and plated in 96-well microtiter plates at a density of 26103 cells/ well and were cultured overnight at 37uC under 5 CO2. The cells were treated with 30Kc6 or/and Ox-LDL as described previously. The treated cells were harvested, lysed and subjected to DNA fragmentation analysis with the Cell Death Detection ELISA kit (Roche). To further examine the effects of 30Kc6 on the intracellular state of oxidative Pentagastrin site stress in Ox-LDL-induced HUVEC, the HUVEC cells in the logarithmic growth phase were used. They were plated in 35 mm culture dishes at a density of 56104 cells/ dish and were cultured overnight at 37uC under 5 CO2. The pre-treated cells were harvested and lysed. The 8-isoprostane standard substances and the cell lysates were prepared according to the directions of the 8-isoprostane EIA kit (Cayman chemical). The absorbance of each well was measured at a wavelength of 405 nm by an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbnent Assay (ELISA) reader.Construction of Atherosclerotic Rabbit ModelsThirty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into two groups including the normal control group (n = 5) fed with normal diet and the high-fat group (n = 25). The high-fat group was first given a bovine serum albumin (BSA) injection (250 mg/ kg) from auricular vein at the beginning of this experiment and were then fed with high-fat diet (79 basic diet, 1 cholesterol, 10 lard and 10 egg yolk powder). Each rabbit was given 150 g food per day and had free access to water. All rabbits were housed in animal room for eight weeks and the blood concentr.Iotech). Densitometric analysis was performed using an image scanner and analyzing software (NIH image ver. 1.61). The activity of each kinase was evaluated by calculating the ratio of the amount of the phosphorylated form to that of the total form.Determination of the Content of 30Kc6 Protein in Pupa PowderSilkworm pupas were infected with Bacmid or the recombinant virus Bacmid-30Kc6. When silkworm pupas demonstrated obvious symptoms related to the virus infection in five days, they were freeze-dried and pupa powders were produced. The silkworm freeze-dried pupa powder that was infected with Bacmid-30Kc6 (1 g) and Bacmid (1 g) was diluted 100 times in PBS. A solution containing 5 mg/mL of previously purified 30Kc6 protein expressed in BmN cells was prepared, and a serial dilution of 30Kc6 was generated. The standard proteins were coated onto the 96-wells with the vehicle as controls. The coated wells were incubated with proteins for two hours at 37uC, followed by further incubation for more than 18 h at 4uC. The treated wells were washed with 0.02 mol/L PBS containing 1 Tween 20 (pH 7.4) and blocked with PBS containing 1 BSA for 2 h at 37uC. After washing once with PBS, the wells were incubated with the primary antibody (home-made polyclonal antibodies, 100 mL). The wells were washed three times with PBS and incubated with the horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled goat-anti-rabbit secondary antibody (100 mL) for 1h. After washing three times, the wells were incubated with freshly prepared substrate solution (100 mL) for 10?5 min at 37uC and the reactions were stopped. The absorbance of each well was measured at a wavelength of 492 nm by an ELISA reader. The standard curve was obtained according to the standard substance, and the targeted protein content of silkworm pupa powder was calculated.Evaluation of Apoptosis and 8-isoprostane Level in HUVEC CellsThe HUVEC cells in the logarithmic growth phase were used and plated in 96-well microtiter plates at a density of 26103 cells/ well and were cultured overnight at 37uC under 5 CO2. The cells were treated with 30Kc6 or/and Ox-LDL as described previously. The treated cells were harvested, lysed and subjected to DNA fragmentation analysis with the Cell Death Detection ELISA kit (Roche). To further examine the effects of 30Kc6 on the intracellular state of oxidative stress in Ox-LDL-induced HUVEC, the HUVEC cells in the logarithmic growth phase were used. They were plated in 35 mm culture dishes at a density of 56104 cells/ dish and were cultured overnight at 37uC under 5 CO2. The pre-treated cells were harvested and lysed. The 8-isoprostane standard substances and the cell lysates were prepared according to the directions of the 8-isoprostane EIA kit (Cayman chemical). The absorbance of each well was measured at a wavelength of 405 nm by an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbnent Assay (ELISA) reader.Construction of Atherosclerotic Rabbit ModelsThirty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into two groups including the normal control group (n = 5) fed with normal diet and the high-fat group (n = 25). The high-fat group was first given a bovine serum albumin (BSA) injection (250 mg/ kg) from auricular vein at the beginning of this experiment and were then fed with high-fat diet (79 basic diet, 1 cholesterol, 10 lard and 10 egg yolk powder). Each rabbit was given 150 g food per day and had free access to water. All rabbits were housed in animal room for eight weeks and the blood concentr.

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