By reducing proinflammatory activity, which is present during ACS and is

By reducing AG120 chemical information proinflammatory activity, which is present during ACS and is associated with a worse prognosis. Moreover, in animal models, direct administration of recombinant TRAIL reduced the development of cardiomyopathy in a diabetic mouse model [24]. In humans, recent cross-sectional and prospective studies suggest an inverse association between serum TRAIL levels withPrognosis in ACS Patients by KPT-9274 chemical information Apoptotic MoleculesTable 2. Univariate analysis of predictors of combined endpoint (death or hospitalization for heart failure).Table 3. Univariate analysis of predictors of death.odds ratio TRAIL Fas BNP Troponin peak Killip class AF at admission STEMI Mechanical ventilation Age Male gender BMI DM Hemoglobin Serum creatinine Urea nitrogen Glucose ALT AST Leukocytes LV EF Left main disease CAD severity Complete revascularization Number of stents Length of stents Procedural difficulties 0.07 6.77 1.88 1.17 3.03 1.20 0.73 6.86 1.06 1.31 0.99 1.60 0.96 24.0 1.93 2.66 0.88 1.18 2.33 0.94 4.03 1.53 0.24 1.90 1.03 1.95 confidence interval 0.025?.193 1.39?2.78 1.25?.83 0.98?.39 1.94?.71 0.39?.74 0.32?.64 1.54?0.54 1.02?.10 0.51?.41 0.91?.09 0.68?.75 0.94?.98 25331948 6.82?4.66 1.04?.61 0.96?.36 0.44?.76 0.78?.78 1.06?.82 0.91?.98 1.33?2.18 0.93?.53 0.09?.62 1.20?.01 1.01?.06 0.75?.odds ratio p ,0.001 0.018 0.002 0.078 ,0.001 0.748 0.451 0.011 0.008 0.567 0.978 0.283 0.003 ,0.001 0.038 0.059 0.721 0.437 0.069 ,0.001 0.013 0.096 0.003 0.006 0.008 0.910 TRAIL Fas BNP Age Killip class Male gender BMI DM Smoking status Hypertension Serum creatinine Leukocytes Hemoglobin LV EF AF Troponin peak Glucose Complete revascularization 0.07 8.21 2.24 1.13 3.67 1.17 0.95 3.04 0.48 1.09 14.92 3.97 0.96 0.96 1.19 1.13 4.81 0.95 confidence interval 0.014?.31 0.67?00.2 0.98?.13 1.05?.21 2.20?.13 0.31?.42 0.83?.09 0.95?.74 0.15?.56 0.34?.52 3.63?1.34 1.26?2.49 0.93?.98 0.91?.00 0.25?.67 0.89?.43 1.22?9.05 0.037?.P 0.001 0.056 0.056 0.001 ,0.001 0.820 0.461 0.061 0.222 0.883 ,0.001 0.019 0.007 0.067 0.829 0.322 0.025 0.Characteristics included in the univariate regression analysis are shown. All variables, that approached statistical significance (p,0.1) were included in the multivariate stepwise logistic regression model. BMI ?body mass index, DM ?diabetes mellitus, Smoking history ?actual smoking status at admission, Hypertension ?history of hypertension, LV EF ?left ventricular ejection fraction, AF ?the presence of atrial fibrillation at admission or anytime during index hospitalization, Troponin peak ?peak troponin level during hospitalization, Glucose ?glucose at admission, Complete revascularization ?the absence of any stenosis of 50 or more in at least one coronary artery at discharge. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053860.tThe table shows selected characteristics, which were included in the univariate regression analysis. All variables, that approached statistical significance (p,0.1) were included in the multivariate stepwise logistic regression model. Troponin peak ?peak troponin level during hospitalization, AF ?the presence of atrial fibrillation at admission or anytime during index hospitalization, STEMI ?myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation, BMI ?body mass index, Glucose ?glucose at admission, ALT ?alanine aminotransferase, AST ?aspartate amino transferase, LV EF ?left ventricular ejection fraction, CAD severity ?the extension of coronary artery disease, Complete revascularization ?the absence of any stenosis of 50 or more in at least one coronary artery.By reducing proinflammatory activity, which is present during ACS and is associated with a worse prognosis. Moreover, in animal models, direct administration of recombinant TRAIL reduced the development of cardiomyopathy in a diabetic mouse model [24]. In humans, recent cross-sectional and prospective studies suggest an inverse association between serum TRAIL levels withPrognosis in ACS Patients by Apoptotic MoleculesTable 2. Univariate analysis of predictors of combined endpoint (death or hospitalization for heart failure).Table 3. Univariate analysis of predictors of death.odds ratio TRAIL Fas BNP Troponin peak Killip class AF at admission STEMI Mechanical ventilation Age Male gender BMI DM Hemoglobin Serum creatinine Urea nitrogen Glucose ALT AST Leukocytes LV EF Left main disease CAD severity Complete revascularization Number of stents Length of stents Procedural difficulties 0.07 6.77 1.88 1.17 3.03 1.20 0.73 6.86 1.06 1.31 0.99 1.60 0.96 24.0 1.93 2.66 0.88 1.18 2.33 0.94 4.03 1.53 0.24 1.90 1.03 1.95 confidence interval 0.025?.193 1.39?2.78 1.25?.83 0.98?.39 1.94?.71 0.39?.74 0.32?.64 1.54?0.54 1.02?.10 0.51?.41 0.91?.09 0.68?.75 0.94?.98 25331948 6.82?4.66 1.04?.61 0.96?.36 0.44?.76 0.78?.78 1.06?.82 0.91?.98 1.33?2.18 0.93?.53 0.09?.62 1.20?.01 1.01?.06 0.75?.odds ratio p ,0.001 0.018 0.002 0.078 ,0.001 0.748 0.451 0.011 0.008 0.567 0.978 0.283 0.003 ,0.001 0.038 0.059 0.721 0.437 0.069 ,0.001 0.013 0.096 0.003 0.006 0.008 0.910 TRAIL Fas BNP Age Killip class Male gender BMI DM Smoking status Hypertension Serum creatinine Leukocytes Hemoglobin LV EF AF Troponin peak Glucose Complete revascularization 0.07 8.21 2.24 1.13 3.67 1.17 0.95 3.04 0.48 1.09 14.92 3.97 0.96 0.96 1.19 1.13 4.81 0.95 confidence interval 0.014?.31 0.67?00.2 0.98?.13 1.05?.21 2.20?.13 0.31?.42 0.83?.09 0.95?.74 0.15?.56 0.34?.52 3.63?1.34 1.26?2.49 0.93?.98 0.91?.00 0.25?.67 0.89?.43 1.22?9.05 0.037?.P 0.001 0.056 0.056 0.001 ,0.001 0.820 0.461 0.061 0.222 0.883 ,0.001 0.019 0.007 0.067 0.829 0.322 0.025 0.Characteristics included in the univariate regression analysis are shown. All variables, that approached statistical significance (p,0.1) were included in the multivariate stepwise logistic regression model. BMI ?body mass index, DM ?diabetes mellitus, Smoking history ?actual smoking status at admission, Hypertension ?history of hypertension, LV EF ?left ventricular ejection fraction, AF ?the presence of atrial fibrillation at admission or anytime during index hospitalization, Troponin peak ?peak troponin level during hospitalization, Glucose ?glucose at admission, Complete revascularization ?the absence of any stenosis of 50 or more in at least one coronary artery at discharge. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053860.tThe table shows selected characteristics, which were included in the univariate regression analysis. All variables, that approached statistical significance (p,0.1) were included in the multivariate stepwise logistic regression model. Troponin peak ?peak troponin level during hospitalization, AF ?the presence of atrial fibrillation at admission or anytime during index hospitalization, STEMI ?myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation, BMI ?body mass index, Glucose ?glucose at admission, ALT ?alanine aminotransferase, AST ?aspartate amino transferase, LV EF ?left ventricular ejection fraction, CAD severity ?the extension of coronary artery disease, Complete revascularization ?the absence of any stenosis of 50 or more in at least one coronary artery.

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