Ients175. A growing older population is undergoing surgical procedures that are

Ients175. A growing older population is undergoing SKF-96365 (hydrochloride)MedChemExpress SKF-96365 (hydrochloride) surgical procedures that are increasing in number and complexity176. Poor healing of surgical wounds is a major cause of morbidity, mortality and substantial economic burden. Wound healing is dependent on the microcirculation that supplies the incision area. Measures that support the microcirculation during the perioperative period have a profound effect on wound healing. Some measures such as maintenance of normal body temperature and control of postoperative pain are supported by ample evidence and have been implemented in routine clinical care. Other measures, for example the choice of anesthetic technique and use ofAnesthesiology. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2015 March 01.Bentov and ReedPageopioids are supported by basic research, but need Leupeptin (hemisulfate) web further clinical studies. A better understanding of the effect of aging and anesthesia on the microcirculation can potentially assist in improving postoperative wound repair, thereby benefitting a growing older population.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptAcknowledgmentsThe authors thank Mamatha Damodarasamy and Yotam Bentov for their assistance with the manuscript. Funding: This work was supported by the National Institute of Aging, Bethesda, MD (R03 AG042353 to Itay Bentov) and the Institute of Translational Health Sciences and the Department of Anesthesiology and Pain at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA (pilot grant to Itay Bentov).
Task shifting in Nairobi’s neonatal nurseriesThe provision of high-quality care to sick newborns presents a challenge to all health systems. To meet basic needs they must be kept warm and fed; staff must observe strict infection prevention practices; monitor them regularly for deterioration; and counsel and instruct families in care. Whereas for stable preterm or low birth weight babies these needs may be best met by Kangaroo Mother Care, when clinically unstable such needs, together with other technically involved clinical interventions, are typically provided by healthcare staff. This is why, in countries such as the UK, even for babies who do not require intensive care, guidelines suggest that there should be one nurse for every two to four sick babies (BAPM 2001, NANN 2009) with evidence suggesting a relationship between lower nurse ratios and higher mortality in high-income settings (BAPM 2001). In low-resource settings, the need for greater provision of nursing care to newborns is stark. While enumerating the lack of neonatal nursing provision in Nairobi is an aim of the project of which this literature review is a part, initial interviews with BAY1217389 web experts in the field suggest that a single nurse may look after 20?0 babies (unpublished data) ?10 times the UK recommendation. Importantly, although the shortage of staff in this area is well known, the Kenyan government is being challenged to provide increased levels of care across the entirety of the health RM-493 web system. However, the provision of a much greater number of nurses to provide neonatal care is very unlikely. Whereas recent data suggest that Kenya has more than 50,000 nurses registered to practice, fewer than 17,000 offer care in the public sector that is most relied on by the poor for inpatient care (Wakaba et al. 2014). Thus, the main factor constraining expansion of the nursing workforce to improve access to services through the public sector in Kenya is absence of adequate finance (NCK 2014).African gov.Ients175. A growing older population is undergoing surgical procedures that are increasing in number and complexity176. Poor healing of surgical wounds is a major cause of morbidity, mortality and substantial economic burden. Wound healing is dependent on the microcirculation that supplies the incision area. Measures that support the microcirculation during the perioperative period have a profound effect on wound healing. Some measures such as maintenance of normal body temperature and control of postoperative pain are supported by ample evidence and have been implemented in routine clinical care. Other measures, for example the choice of anesthetic technique and use ofAnesthesiology. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2015 March 01.Bentov and ReedPageopioids are supported by basic research, but need further clinical studies. A better understanding of the effect of aging and anesthesia on the microcirculation can potentially assist in improving postoperative wound repair, thereby benefitting a growing older population.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptAcknowledgmentsThe authors thank Mamatha Damodarasamy and Yotam Bentov for their assistance with the manuscript. Funding: This work was supported by the National Institute of Aging, Bethesda, MD (R03 AG042353 to Itay Bentov) and the Institute of Translational Health Sciences and the Department of Anesthesiology and Pain at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA (pilot grant to Itay Bentov).
Task shifting in Nairobi’s neonatal nurseriesThe provision of high-quality care to sick newborns presents a challenge to all health systems. To meet basic needs they must be kept warm and fed; staff must observe strict infection prevention practices; monitor them regularly for deterioration; and counsel and instruct families in care. Whereas for stable preterm or low birth weight babies these needs may be best met by Kangaroo Mother Care, when clinically unstable such needs, together with other technically involved clinical interventions, are typically provided by healthcare staff. This is why, in countries such as the UK, even for babies who do not require intensive care, guidelines suggest that there should be one nurse for every two to four sick babies (BAPM 2001, NANN 2009) with evidence suggesting a relationship between lower nurse ratios and higher mortality in high-income settings (BAPM 2001). In low-resource settings, the need for greater provision of nursing care to newborns is stark. While enumerating the lack of neonatal nursing provision in Nairobi is an aim of the project of which this literature review is a part, initial interviews with experts in the field suggest that a single nurse may look after 20?0 babies (unpublished data) ?10 times the UK recommendation. Importantly, although the shortage of staff in this area is well known, the Kenyan government is being challenged to provide increased levels of care across the entirety of the health system. However, the provision of a much greater number of nurses to provide neonatal care is very unlikely. Whereas recent data suggest that Kenya has more than 50,000 nurses registered to practice, fewer than 17,000 offer care in the public sector that is most relied on by the poor for inpatient care (Wakaba et al. 2014). Thus, the main factor constraining expansion of the nursing workforce to improve access to services through the public sector in Kenya is absence of adequate finance (NCK 2014).African gov.Ients175. A growing older population is undergoing surgical procedures that are increasing in number and complexity176. Poor healing of surgical wounds is a major cause of morbidity, mortality and substantial economic burden. Wound healing is dependent on the microcirculation that supplies the incision area. Measures that support the microcirculation during the perioperative period have a profound effect on wound healing. Some measures such as maintenance of normal body temperature and control of postoperative pain are supported by ample evidence and have been implemented in routine clinical care. Other measures, for example the choice of anesthetic technique and use ofAnesthesiology. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2015 March 01.Bentov and ReedPageopioids are supported by basic research, but need further clinical studies. A better understanding of the effect of aging and anesthesia on the microcirculation can potentially assist in improving postoperative wound repair, thereby benefitting a growing older population.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptAcknowledgmentsThe authors thank Mamatha Damodarasamy and Yotam Bentov for their assistance with the manuscript. Funding: This work was supported by the National Institute of Aging, Bethesda, MD (R03 AG042353 to Itay Bentov) and the Institute of Translational Health Sciences and the Department of Anesthesiology and Pain at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA (pilot grant to Itay Bentov).
Task shifting in Nairobi’s neonatal nurseriesThe provision of high-quality care to sick newborns presents a challenge to all health systems. To meet basic needs they must be kept warm and fed; staff must observe strict infection prevention practices; monitor them regularly for deterioration; and counsel and instruct families in care. Whereas for stable preterm or low birth weight babies these needs may be best met by Kangaroo Mother Care, when clinically unstable such needs, together with other technically involved clinical interventions, are typically provided by healthcare staff. This is why, in countries such as the UK, even for babies who do not require intensive care, guidelines suggest that there should be one nurse for every two to four sick babies (BAPM 2001, NANN 2009) with evidence suggesting a relationship between lower nurse ratios and higher mortality in high-income settings (BAPM 2001). In low-resource settings, the need for greater provision of nursing care to newborns is stark. While enumerating the lack of neonatal nursing provision in Nairobi is an aim of the project of which this literature review is a part, initial interviews with experts in the field suggest that a single nurse may look after 20?0 babies (unpublished data) ?10 times the UK recommendation. Importantly, although the shortage of staff in this area is well known, the Kenyan government is being challenged to provide increased levels of care across the entirety of the health system. However, the provision of a much greater number of nurses to provide neonatal care is very unlikely. Whereas recent data suggest that Kenya has more than 50,000 nurses registered to practice, fewer than 17,000 offer care in the public sector that is most relied on by the poor for inpatient care (Wakaba et al. 2014). Thus, the main factor constraining expansion of the nursing workforce to improve access to services through the public sector in Kenya is absence of adequate finance (NCK 2014).African gov.Ients175. A growing older population is undergoing surgical procedures that are increasing in number and complexity176. Poor healing of surgical wounds is a major cause of morbidity, mortality and substantial economic burden. Wound healing is dependent on the microcirculation that supplies the incision area. Measures that support the microcirculation during the perioperative period have a profound effect on wound healing. Some measures such as maintenance of normal body temperature and control of postoperative pain are supported by ample evidence and have been implemented in routine clinical care. Other measures, for example the choice of anesthetic technique and use ofAnesthesiology. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2015 March 01.Bentov and ReedPageopioids are supported by basic research, but need further clinical studies. A better understanding of the effect of aging and anesthesia on the microcirculation can potentially assist in improving postoperative wound repair, thereby benefitting a growing older population.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptAcknowledgmentsThe authors thank Mamatha Damodarasamy and Yotam Bentov for their assistance with the manuscript. Funding: This work was supported by the National Institute of Aging, Bethesda, MD (R03 AG042353 to Itay Bentov) and the Institute of Translational Health Sciences and the Department of Anesthesiology and Pain at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA (pilot grant to Itay Bentov).
Task shifting in Nairobi’s neonatal nurseriesThe provision of high-quality care to sick newborns presents a challenge to all health systems. To meet basic needs they must be kept warm and fed; staff must observe strict infection prevention practices; monitor them regularly for deterioration; and counsel and instruct families in care. Whereas for stable preterm or low birth weight babies these needs may be best met by Kangaroo Mother Care, when clinically unstable such needs, together with other technically involved clinical interventions, are typically provided by healthcare staff. This is why, in countries such as the UK, even for babies who do not require intensive care, guidelines suggest that there should be one nurse for every two to four sick babies (BAPM 2001, NANN 2009) with evidence suggesting a relationship between lower nurse ratios and higher mortality in high-income settings (BAPM 2001). In low-resource settings, the need for greater provision of nursing care to newborns is stark. While enumerating the lack of neonatal nursing provision in Nairobi is an aim of the project of which this literature review is a part, initial interviews with experts in the field suggest that a single nurse may look after 20?0 babies (unpublished data) ?10 times the UK recommendation. Importantly, although the shortage of staff in this area is well known, the Kenyan government is being challenged to provide increased levels of care across the entirety of the health system. However, the provision of a much greater number of nurses to provide neonatal care is very unlikely. Whereas recent data suggest that Kenya has more than 50,000 nurses registered to practice, fewer than 17,000 offer care in the public sector that is most relied on by the poor for inpatient care (Wakaba et al. 2014). Thus, the main factor constraining expansion of the nursing workforce to improve access to services through the public sector in Kenya is absence of adequate finance (NCK 2014).African gov.

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